Union Public Service Commission (UPSC)

Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) conducts various exams such as exam for Civil Services, IFS, NDA, CDS, SCRA etc. Civil services examination is popularly known as IAS exam and includes almost 24 services like IFS, IPS, IRS, IRPS and so on.SSCivil Services exam is one the most reputed and tough to crack exams in India. The number of test takers is almost 3 to 4 lakhs and now a days number of vacancies is almost 1100. It clearly shows that only few hard working students can get success in this exam and this all can be done not only by hard work but by a planned hard work. Generally the number of vacancies varies every year.

  • Indian Administrative Service (IAS)
  • Indian Foreign Service (IFS)
  • Indian Police Service (IPS)
  • Indian P & T Accounts & Finance Service, Group ‘A’
  • Indian Audit and Accounts Service, Group ‘A’
  • Indian Revenue Service (Customs and Central Excise) Group ‘A’
  • Indian Defence Accounts Service, Group ‘A’
  • Indian Revenue Service, Group ‘A’ (IRS)
  • Indian Ordnance Factories Service, Group ‘A’ (Assistant Works Manager, Non-technical)
  • Indian Postal Service, Group ‘A’
  • Indian Civil Accounts Service, Group ‘A’
  • Indian Railway Traffic Service, Group ‘A’
  • Indian Railway Accounts Service, Group ‘A’
  • Indian Railway Personnel Service, Group ‘A’
  • Post of Assistant Security Officer, Group ‘A’ in Railway Protection Force
  • Indian Defence Estates Service, Group ‘A’
  • Indian Information Service (Junior Grade), Group ‘A’
  • Indian Trade Service, Group “A” (Grade-III)
  • Indian Corporate Law Service, Group “A”
  • Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service, Group ‘B’ (Section Officer’s Grade)
  • Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Civil Service, Group ‘B’
  • Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Police Service, Group ‘B’
  • Pondicherry Civil Service, Group ‘B’
  • Pondicherry Police Service, Group ‘B.
  1. For the IAS, IFS & IPS, a candidate must be a citizen of India.
  2. For the IRS and other services, a candidate must be one of the following:
    1. A citizen of India
    2. a person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia or Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India.

All candidates must have as a minimum one of the following educational qualifications:

  • A degree from a Central, State or Deemed university
  • A degree received through correspondence or distance education
  • A degree from an open university
  • A qualification recognized by the Government of India as being equivalent to one of the above

Age Limit:

  • A candidate must have attained the age of 21 years and must not have attained the age of 32 years on August 1 of the year of examination.

For OBC the upper age limit is 35, and for SC and ST the limit is 37 years.

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UPSC Civil Services Exam is conducted in three phases:

Phase 1: Preliminary Examination or CSAT (Objective Section)

Phase 2: Main Examination (Subjective Section)

Phase 3: Interview (Vocal Section)

Phase 1: Preliminary Examination – CSAT Syllabus:

CSAT or Civil Services Aptitude Test is the first phase of preliminary examination of UPSC. This test is intended to assess the aptitude of examinees in solving the ‘Reasoning and Analytical’ questions.

IAS prelims exam consists of two papers of objective type, each of 200 marks (total of 400 marks) and two hours of duration and candidates must take both the papers.

The preliminary examination is meant for screening the candidate and the marks obtained by a candidate in the prelims who qualifies to the mains exam will not be be taken in account to determine their final merit.

  • Current events of national and international importance.
  • History of India and Indian National Movement.
  • Indian and World Geography – Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
  • Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
  • Economic and Social Development – Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc.
  • General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change – that do not require subject specialisation General Science

a) IAS Preliminary Exam:

Paper

Subjects

Total Marks

I

General Studies

200 marks

II

Aptitude Skills

200 marks

  • Comprehension
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills;
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  • Decision-making and problem solving
  • General mental ability
  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. – Class X level)

The phase 2 tests candidate’s academic talent in depth and his/her ability to present understanding in a reasonable way. The IAS mains examination is designed to analyse the comprehensive intellectual quality and the understanding of candidates rather than just (just in case meaning) determining their information and memory.

The UPSC mains exam consists of 9 papers, in which two are qualifying papers of 300 marks each:

  1. Any Indian Language
  2. English

These two papers just need to qualify which is compulsory and marks obtained will not be considered or counted.

And the rest of seven papers can be written in any of the languages mentioned as in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution or in English. Below given the remaining seven papers:

PaperSubjectMarks
Paper-IEssay250
Can be written in the medium or language of the candidate’s choice
Paper-IIGeneral Studies- I250
(Indian Heritage and Culture,
History and Geography of the World and Society)
Paper-IIIGeneral Studies- II250
(Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)
Paper-IVGeneral Studies- III250
(Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)
Paper-VGeneral Studies- IV250
(Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)
(Marks carried by General Studies was 4X250=1000)
Paper-VIOptional Subject – Paper 1250
Paper-VIIOptional Subject – Paper II250
(Candidate is allowed to take up literature as an optional subject ” and candidate need not to be a graduate in that language’s literature.)

b) Main Exam:

Papers

Topics

Total Marks

I

One Of The Indian Languages Chosen From The Prescribed List

300

II

English

300

III

Essay

250

IV/V/VI/VII

General Studies (250 Marks For Each Paper)

1000

VIII & IX

Optional Subject 1

500

Total Marks For Written Examination

1750

Candidates who obtain minimum qualifying marks in the written part of the UPSC Main Examination as may be fixed by the Commission at their discretion enters the next and final phase that is the ‘personality test’ or ‘Interview’ round.

c) Interview Test

  • Candidates who qualify the UPSC Mains Exam will move to the next and final phase called ‘Personality Test/Interview’ who will be interviewed by a Board who will have candidates resume. The interview round is held by a Board of competent and unbiased intended to assess social traits and his interest in current affairs and analyze the personal aptness of the candidate for a career in public service. Some of the qualities evaluated during the personality test are mental alertness, clear and logical exposition, critical powers of assimilation, variety and depth of interest, balance of judgement, intellectual and moral integrity ability for social cohesion and leadership,.
  • The interview is more of purposive conversation intended to divulge the mental qualities of the candidate.
  • Candidate can give interview in their preferred language as UPSC will make arrangement for the translators.

The Interview test will be of 275 marks.

The total mark of the written examination is 1750 Marks.

The Interview/Personality Test will be of 275 marks.

The Grand Total 2025 Marks

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